Caterpillar fluorescence

Here we present a selection of white light and fluorescence images of caterpillars taken in Maine and Vermont (USA). Most of the images were made at night, first exploring in the dark with steady blue light and then photographing the subjects using either steady light or an electronic flash fitted with a fluorescence excitation filter. Some of the photos were made during the day using the technique described in the article Fluoresence Photography without Darkness.

Most of the caterpillars glow green when excited with blue light, with the fluorescence an enhancement of their color under white light. The background red you see in most of the images is fluorescence from chlorophyll in the plants. In a few of the images you can see a reddish glow that appears to come from within the body. This may be chlorophyll in the caterpillar’s gut, acquired from feeding on the leaves.

(Click any image for larger view)

Inchworms

Tobacco (tomato) hornworms

Tobacco hornworms are the larval stage of the tobacco hawk moth (Manduca sexta). They are easily confused (as we originally did) with the tomato hornworm, Manduca quinquemaculata. These hungry caterpillars can be a big problem for tomato growers. Although the caterpillars can be quite large they blend into the plant extremely well, making them tough to spot in white light. In fluorescence, however, they are really easy to spot.

Fall webworm

The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea, makes its nest in tree limbs in late summer and early fall. The photographs of the web in a tree were taken in late July in Vermont, while the photographs of individual caterpillars on leaves were taken in Maine.

Various caterpillars

An assortment of caterpillars photographed in Maine.